Everything You Need to Know About Comparative Adjectives

In English, adjectives are used to describe things. We use comparative adjectives to compare and contrast things that we want to describe. There is a system for creating comparative adjectives. Using this system will help you write and speak more clearly, and will make you a better English speaker! If you're still learning English, take the time to study this lesson, because it will definitely come in handy!


One Syllable Comparative Adjectives

Add -er to end of an adjective:



If the word ends in -e, just add an -r:




If the word is one-syllable, ends in a single consonant and has a single vowel before it, double the last consonant and add -er:




comparative adjectives
The person is taller than the dogs


Two, Three or More Syllable Comparative Adjectives

For most two-syllable adjectives, add "more" before the adjective to form the comparative:
careful/more careful

prepared/more prepared


If the word ends in -y, remove it and add -ier:



If the word ends in -e, add -r:



If the word ends -ow; add -er:



comparative adjective
These bottles are brighter than most bottles



Of course, with any rule in English, there are exceptions.

Irregular Adjective Comparative Form
good better
bad worse
far farther
little less
many more


There are some adjectives that can be used both with 'more' and with 'er'

Two-Syllable Adjective Comparative Form 'er' Comparative Form 'more +'
clever cleverer more clever
gentle gentler more gentle
friendly friendlier more friendly
quiet quieter more quiet
simple simpler more simple



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